Environmental Health
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Household Hazardous Materials
  Hazards of Common Household Products  

Listed below are common household hazardous products by type and include typical hazardous ingredients and other hazards associated with these common household products


Typical Hazardous Ingredients

Typical Product Hazards

 Drain and oven cleaners

Lye, sulfuric acid

Extremely caustic, eye and skin damage, also reactive, toxic, may be flammable

 Spot remover

Trichloroethane, ethylene dichloride, benzene, toluene

Skin and lung irritants, central nervous system depression, liver and kidney damage, flammable

 Oil-based paint, paint remover

Petroleum distillates, methylene chloride, toluene, acetone, methanol

Eye, skin, and lung irritants; headaches, nausea, respiratory problems, muscle weakness, liver and kidney damage, flammable

 Garden insecticides

Diazinon (banned), acephate, carbaryl, malathion, chlorpyrifos (banned)

Skin, eye, and lung irritants; headache, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps, coma, organ damage


Chlorine, quats, pine oil, phenol

May be toxic, corrosive, or reactive

 Rubber cement 

Hexane, heptane, petroleum distillates

Skin and lung irritants, sensitizer, lethal in high concentrations, extremely flammable


Ethylene glycol

Central nervous system depression, vomiting, drowsiness, respiratory failure, kidney damage


Adapted from: Tchobanoglous, George and Frank Kreith. Handbook of Solid Waste Management. 2002. Chapter 10: "Household Hazardous Wastes." McGraw Hill.

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This page last updated: 08/13/15